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Spotted Fritillary

Melitaea didyma (Esper, 1778)

Status

Corfu Status: Present EU Red Data Status 2010: Least Concern

Description

A medium sized orangey-brown butterfly with black-brown spots, and hindwing underside with cream bands. Females are duller and browner than the males. The butterfly can be easily other members of the genius. The main distinguishing feature is that the upperside has distinct spots, always round submarginal spots, rather than the spots merging together to form lines or bands. 

Habitat Requirements

Meadows, scrub and woodland edges. There is some evidence that this species responds to the ecological succession that takes place after the management of olive groves by pollarding.

Larval Foodplants

Weasel's-snout Misopates orontium Germander Speedwell Veronica chamaedrys, Germander Speedwell Veronica chamaedrys subsp. chamaedryoides, Germander Speedwell Veronica chamaedrys subsp. chamaedrys. In Corfu larvae are found on Ribwort Plantain Plantago lanceolata.

Observations

A common butterfly usually appearing in early May. Prior to this date full grown caterpillars are regularly found in plantain rich habitats. Unusual for small Fritillaries this is a sexually dimophic species.

*The information provided in the tables below is based on verified sightings of the Spotted Fritillary submitted via this website since 1st January 2021.

First and Last Sightings

Year First Last/latest # Days
2022 12/05/2022 17/05/2022 5 days
2021 02/05/2021 03/09/2021 124 days
2019 15/09/2019 20/09/2019 5 days

Number of Observations

Year Number of observations
2022 9
2021 382
Grand Total 393

Distribution Map

Distribution map for the Spotted Fritillary based on the data submitted online via this website will be available below soon.

Flight Times for the Spotted Fritillary (2022)

The chart below shows Spotted Fritillary flight data by month for 2022 submitted online since 1st January 2022 to 17th May 2022.

Flight Times for the Spotted Fritillary (All Data)

The chart below shows Spotted Fritillary flight data by month based on all data submitted online since 1st January 2019 to 17th May 2022.

Taxonomy

  • Vernacular/Common Name: Spotted Fritillary
  • Family: Nymphalidae (Rafinesque, 1815)
  • Sub-family: Nymphalinae (Rafinesque, 1815)
  • Tribe: Melitaeini (Newman, 1870)
  • Sub-tribe: Melitaeina (Newman, 1870)
  • Genus: Melitaea (Fabricius, 1807)
  • Species: didyma (Esper, 1778)

References

For a list of references, please see our bibliography page.