Meadow Brown

Maniola jurtina (Linnaeus, 1758)



A medium sized brown butterfly, flying in grass meadows. The forewing has a medium sized black spot, white-pupiled, upperside and underside. Males have a dark brown upperside, and the slightly larger female has a large orangish patch on the forewing. The underside is similar, the forewing is chestnut coloured with a brown border, whilst the hindwing is brown, with a paler submarginal band. Whilst the markings are variable, it shouldn’t be confused with any other species in Corfu. 

Habitat Requirements

Meadows, scrub and woodland edges.

Larval Foodplants

Creeping Bent Agrostis stolonifera, Creeping Bent Agrostis stolonifera subsp. stolonifera, Meadow Foxtail Alopecurus pratensis, Great Brome Anisantha diandra, Compact Brome Anisantha madritensis, Ripgut Brome Anisantha rigida, Barren Brome Anisantha sterilis, Sweet Vernal-grass Anthoxanthum odoratum, Heath False-brome Brachypodium pinnatum, Hairy-brome Bromopsis ramosa, Bromus alopecuros, Bromus alopecuros subsp. alopecuros, Bromus alopecuros subsp. caroli-henrici, Bromus arvensis, Bromus arvensis subsp. arvensis, Bromus fasciculatus, Bromus fasciculatus subsp. fasciculatus, Bromus hordeaceus Soft-brome, Bromus hordeaceus subsp. mediterraneus, Bromus intermedius, Bromus intermedius subsp. intermedius, Bromus lanceolatus, Smooth Brome Bromus racemosus subsp. racemosus, Bromus rubens, Bromus rubens subsp. rubens, Bromus scoparius, Bromus squarrosus, Bromus squarrosus subsp. squarrosus, Bromus tectorum, Cock's-foot Dactylis glomerata subsp. hispanica, Festuca arundinacea, Festuca arundinacea subsp. atlantigena, Yorkshire-fog Holcus lanatus, Rough Meadow-grass Poa trivialis.

*The information provided in the tables below is based on verified sightings of the Meadow Brown submitted via this website since 1st January 2021.

First and Last Sightings

Year First Last/latest # Days
2023 17/04/2023 23/11/2023 221 days
2022 27/04/2022 30/10/2022 187 days
2021 17/02/2021 08/11/2021 265 days

Number of Observations

Year Number of observations
Grand Total 11071

Flight Times for the Meadow Brown (2024)

The chart below shows flight data by month for 2024

Flight Times for the Meadow Brown (All Data)

The chart below shows flight data by month since 1st January 2021


  • Vernacular/Common Name: Meadow Brown
  • Family: Nymphalidae (Rafinesque, 1815)
  • Sub-family: Satyrinae (Boisduval, 1833)
  • Tribe: Satyrini (Boisduval, 1833)
  • Sub-tribe: Maniolina (Grote, 1897)
  • Genus: Maniola (Schrank, 1801)
  • Species: jurtina (Linnaeus, 1758)


For a list of references, please see our bibliography page.