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Queen of Spain Fritillary

Issoria lathonia (Linnaeus, 1758)

Status

Corfu Status: Present EU Red Data Status 2010: Least Concern

Description

A medium sized golden-brown butterfly with black spots on the upperside. The underside of the hindwing has large silver spots, which makes it quite distinctive, and shouldn’t be confused with any other species. Males and females are similar. 

Habitat Requirements

Given the highly migratory nature of this species it is unlikely to be restricted to any particular habitat but see the observations.

Larval Foodplants

Mediterranean White Violet Viola alba(flowers fragrant, white or blue-violet),
Mediterranean White Violet Viola alba subsp. alba (flowers fragrant, white or blue-violet), Mediterranean White Violet Viola alba subsp. dehnhardtii (flowers fragrant, white or blue-violet), Field Pansy Viola arvensis, Viola cephalonica, Dwarf Pansy Viola kitaibeliana, Sweet Violet Viola odorata, Early Dog-violet Viola reichenbachiana.

Observations

Only two individuals of this species have been recorded by members of CBC. The first was made at 15.02hrs, 9th April 2017 by Dan Danahar, Bob Giles, Colin Knight, Richard Roebuck, Sarah Canning, Chris Little and Giannis Gasteratos, near to 750m above sea level (just below the summit of Mt Pantokrator 906m).

The second sighting was made by Bri Smith on a walk in Aghios Georgios North on 14 October 2020. The individual was feeding on Aromatic Inula Dittrichia vicosa.

Given the possible hill topping behaviour of the first individual and the late arrival of the second individual (when many migrants come to Corfu) it is most probable that both these specimens were migrants.

*The information provided in the tables below is based on verified sightings of the Queen of Spain Fritillary submitted via this website since 1st January 2021.

First and Last Sightings

Year First Last/latest # Days
2022 14/05/2022 30/05/2022 16 days
2021 02/06/2021 12/06/2021 10 days

Number of Observations

Year Number of observations
2022 3
2021 7
Grand Total 10

Distribution Map

Distribution map for the Queen of Spain Fritillary based on the data submitted online via this website will be available below soon.

Flight Times for the Queen of Spain Fritillary (2022)

The chart below shows Queen of Spain Fritillary flight data by month for 2022 submitted online since 1st January 2022 to 3rd July 2022.

Flight Times for the Queen of Spain Fritillary (All Data)

The chart below shows Queen of Spain Fritillary flight data by month based on all data submitted online since 1st January 2019 to 3rd July 2022.

Taxonomy

  • Vernacular/Common Name: Queen of Spain Fritillary
  • Family: Nymphalidae (Rafinesque, 1815)
  • Sub-family: Heliconiinae (Swainson, 1822)
  • Tribe: Argynnini (Duponchel, 1835)
  • Genus: Issoria (Hübner, 1819)
  • Species: lathonia (Linnaeus, 1758)

References

For a list of references, please see our bibliography page.