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Brimstone

Gonepteryx rhamni (Linnaeus, 1758)

Status

Corfu Status: Present EU Red Data Status 2010: Least Concern

Description

A medium-large plain pale-yellow or yellow butterfly. The males are yellow, and females very pale yellow, almost white in flight. In the centre of each wing there is a small brown spot, along with its wings shape makes it quite distinctive. However, it can be easily confused with other members of the same genius. The key diagnostic feature is that the costa of the forewing (leading edge) is slightly concave, and not straight as in other species. In addition the apex of the forewing is more pointed.

Habitat Requirements

Meadows, scrub and woodland edges.

Larval Foodplants

Alder Buckthorn Frangula alnus - not on Corfu, Rhamnus alaternus, Buckthorn Rhamnus cathartica - not on Corfu, Rhamnus lycioides.

Observations

The genus Gonepteryx hosts the longest lived butterflies as an adult. Gonepteryx rhamni whilst encountered on Corfu, it is in no way a common butterfly.

*The information provided in the tables below is based on verified sightings of the Brimstone submitted via this website since 1st January 2021.

First and Last Sightings

Year First Last/latest # Days
2022 23/03/2022 05/05/2022 43 days
2021 10/04/2021 19/10/2021 192 days

Number of Observations

Year Number of observations
2022 12
2021 34
Grand Total 46

Distribution Map

Distribution map for the Brimstone based on the data submitted online via this website will be available below soon.

Flight Times for the Brimstone (2022)

The chart below shows Brimstone flight data by month for 2022 submitted online since 1st January 2022 to 17th May 2022.

Flight Times for the Brimstone (All Data)

The chart below shows Brimstone flight data by month based on all data submitted online since 1st January 2019 to 17th May 2022.

Taxonomy

  • Vernacular/Common Name: Brimstone
  • Family: Pieridae (Swainson, 1820)
  • Sub-family: Coliadinae (Swainson, 1827)
  • Tribe: Rhodocerini (Duponchell, [1835])
  • Genus: Gonepteryx (Leach, 1815)
  • Species: rhamni (Linnaeus, 1758)

References

For a list of references, please see our bibliography page.