At least three independent records from different recorders/locations/dates.
Breeds and has its complete lifecycle throughout the year on Corfu. Population is self-sustaining.
Regular immigrant and/or emigrant from Corfu. May also breed but is usually not present all the year around.
Found outside its normal range, such as outside its known habitat. Not enough records to confirm as a Resident or a Migrant.
A species that is expanding its range, but is not self-sustaining, and is reliant on migrants to sustain its population. This is the stage before a species becomes a resident, or a species which is right on the edge of its known distribution.
Records that have not been substantiated and therefore the existence of such a species on Corfu is uncertain.
EU Red Data Status Definitions
Not Evaluated (NE)
A taxon is Not Evaluated when it has not yet been evaluated against the criteria
Data Deficient (DD)
A taxon is Data Deficient when there is inadequate information to make a direct, or indirect, assessment of its risk of extinction based on its distribution and/or population status. Data Deficient is therefore not a category of threat. Listing of taxa in this category indicates that more information is required and acknowledges the possibility that future research will show that threatened classification is appropriate.
Least Concern (LC)
A taxon is Least Concern when it has been evaluated against the criteria and does not qualify for Critically Endangered, Endangered, Vulnerable or Near Threatened. Widespread and abundant taxa are included in this category.
Near Threatened (NT)
A taxon is Near Threatened when it has been evaluated against the criteria but does not qualify for Critically Endangered, Endangered or Vulnerable now, but is close to qualifying for or is likely to qualify for a threatened category in the near future.
A taxon is Vulnerable when the best available evidence indicates that it meets any of the criteria A to E for Vulnerable (see Section V), and it is therefore considered to be facing a high risk of extinction in the wild.
A taxon is Endangered when the best available evidence indicates that it meets any of the criteria A to E for Endangered (see Section V), and it is therefore considered to be facing a very high risk of extinction in the wild.
Critically Endangered (CR)
A taxon is Critically Endangered when the best available evidence indicates that it meets any of the criteria A to E for Critically Endangered (see Section V), and it is therefore considered to be facing an extremely high risk of extinction in the wild.
Extinct in the Wild (EW)
A taxon is Extinct in the Wild when it is known only to survive in cultivation, in captivity or as a naturalized population (or populations) well outside the past range. A taxon is presumed Extinct in the Wild when exhaustive surveys in known and/or expected habitat, at appropriate times (diurnal, seasonal, annual), throughout its historic range have failed to record an individual. Surveys should be over a time frame appropriate to the taxon鈥檚 life cycle and life form.
A taxon is Extinct when there is no reasonable doubt that the last individual has died. A taxon is presumed Extinct when exhaustive surveys in known and/or expected habitat, at appropriate times (diurnal, seasonal, annual), throughout its historic range have failed to record an individual. Surveys should be over a time frame appropriate to the taxon鈥檚 life cycle and life form.
A small dark butterfly. The upperside is dark brown with purplish-blue suffusion. The underside is a pale greyish-brown, with a thin white “hairstreak” postdiscal line. The hindwing underside has an two orange spots near the anal angle with a tiny tail. Male and female are similar, with the female being more purple on the upperside. The butterfly could be confused with members of the genius Satyrium, especially S. ilicis which inhabits a similar habitat, but the lack of purple sheen and presence of a more obvious short tail on the hindwing enables separation.
Generalised wing venation diagram
A generalised diagram of butterfly wing venation, with anatomical labels - by Gillian Elsom.
Lycaenidae wing venation diagram
The wing venation of a male Small Blue butterfly Cupido minimus an example of a butterfly from the family Lycaenidae - by Gillian Elsom.
Whilst the Ilex Hairstreak is commonly associated with the lower growing Oaks on the island, the Purple Hairstreak is more frequently seen on large Oak scrub and/or trees. It is a truly arboreal species, often seen in the canopy or roosting in the heat of the day in branches of the larger Oak scrub species. Consequently, its more often found in the wooded and scubby areas.
Meadow Vetchling Lathyrus pratensis - not on Corfu, Turkey Oak Quercus cerris, Kermes Oak Quercus coccifera, Hungarian Oak Quercus frainetto, Holm Oak Quercus ilex, Mount Tabor Oak Quercus ithaburensis, Downy Oak Quercus pubescens, Pedunculate Oak Quercus robur.
Almost certainly an under recorded species because it leads such a secretive life in the canopies of the various Oak species. It has been most commonly recorded by CBC members in the north east of the island.
*The information provided in the tables below is based on verified sightings of the Purple Hairstreak submitted via this website since 1st January 2021.