At least three independent records from different recorders/locations/dates.
Breeds and has its complete lifecycle throughout the year on Corfu. Population is self-sustaining.
Regular immigrant and/or emigrant from Corfu. May also breed but is usually not present all the year around.
Found outside its normal range, such as outside its known habitat. Not enough records to confirm as a Resident or a Migrant.
A species that is expanding its range, but is not self-sustaining, and is reliant on migrants to sustain its population. This is the stage before a species becomes a resident, or a species which is right on the edge of its known distribution.
Records that have not been substantiated and therefore the existence of such a species on Corfu is uncertain.
EU Red Data Status Definitions
Not Evaluated (NE)
A taxon is Not Evaluated when it has not yet been evaluated against the criteria
Data Deficient (DD)
A taxon is Data Deficient when there is inadequate information to make a direct, or indirect, assessment of its risk of extinction based on its distribution and/or population status. Data Deficient is therefore not a category of threat. Listing of taxa in this category indicates that more information is required and acknowledges the possibility that future research will show that threatened classification is appropriate.
Least Concern (LC)
A taxon is Least Concern when it has been evaluated against the criteria and does not qualify for Critically Endangered, Endangered, Vulnerable or Near Threatened. Widespread and abundant taxa are included in this category.
Near Threatened (NT)
A taxon is Near Threatened when it has been evaluated against the criteria but does not qualify for Critically Endangered, Endangered or Vulnerable now, but is close to qualifying for or is likely to qualify for a threatened category in the near future.
A taxon is Vulnerable when the best available evidence indicates that it meets any of the criteria A to E for Vulnerable (see Section V), and it is therefore considered to be facing a high risk of extinction in the wild.
A taxon is Endangered when the best available evidence indicates that it meets any of the criteria A to E for Endangered (see Section V), and it is therefore considered to be facing a very high risk of extinction in the wild.
Critically Endangered (CR)
A taxon is Critically Endangered when the best available evidence indicates that it meets any of the criteria A to E for Critically Endangered (see Section V), and it is therefore considered to be facing an extremely high risk of extinction in the wild.
Extinct in the Wild (EW)
A taxon is Extinct in the Wild when it is known only to survive in cultivation, in captivity or as a naturalized population (or populations) well outside the past range. A taxon is presumed Extinct in the Wild when exhaustive surveys in known and/or expected habitat, at appropriate times (diurnal, seasonal, annual), throughout its historic range have failed to record an individual. Surveys should be over a time frame appropriate to the taxon’s life cycle and life form.
A taxon is Extinct when there is no reasonable doubt that the last individual has died. A taxon is presumed Extinct when exhaustive surveys in known and/or expected habitat, at appropriate times (diurnal, seasonal, annual), throughout its historic range have failed to record an individual. Surveys should be over a time frame appropriate to the taxon’s life cycle and life form.
A medium sized white butterfly with black tips to the forewing upperside, and a marbled green hindwing underside. The upperside and hindwing underside have a distinct yellowish cast. The forewing is very rounded. The males are very distinctive, even in flight, with the large orange-tips to their forewings, and their yellowish cast enabling easy separation from A. cardamines. The females could be confused with butterflies in the genera Euchole and Pontia, which also have a marbled green hindwing underside. However, neither have a solid black to the forewing, nor the yellowish cast.
Generalised wing venation diagram
A generalised diagram of butterfly wing venation, with anatomical labels - by Gillian Elsom.
Pieridae wing venation diagram
The wing venation of a male Brimstone butterfly Gonepteryx rhamni an example of a butterfly from the family Pieridae - by Gillian Elsom.
In Corfu, whilst historically this butterfly has been seen at sea level, these days such an occurrence is much rarer. Now it is restricted to the more mountainous regions of the island and the lowest record submitted to CBC is 304m above sea level (May 2023).
Woad Isatis tinctoria.
It is unusal to find a butterfly restricted to one host plant (monophagus). The reliance of A. damone on this one and only host plant, clearly restricts its distribution to the north eastern slopes of Corfu's uplands, where substantially sized Woad plants can be found. Whilst the EU Red Data Status in 2010 classified this species as of least concern, its limited distribution on Corfu makes it vulnerable in an island context.
It is probable that the life cycle of this butterfly is similar in many respects to that of A. cardamines.
*The information provided in the tables below is based on verified sightings of the Eastern Orange Tip submitted via this website since 1st January 2021.